The Fulfillment of the Fall Feasts

The Fall Feasts will be fulfilled during Jesus’ second coming.  Everyone seems to have a difference of opinion of how the events will take place.  Figuring out the proper sequence of events is no simple task.  I’ve changed my mind several times over the years as I’ve gained new insights into the Word of God.  Who knows, I may change my mind again.  For now, I think the final events will unfold like this:

  • The seals, trumpets, and plagues will begin to take place.
  • The 144,000 of Israel will be sealed prior to the 6th seal and the  5th trumpet (Rev. 7:3-5).
  • The 6th plague will dry up the Euphrates River to prepare a way of the kings of the east (Rev. 16:12).
  • Jesus will come in a year of Jubilee in order to fulfill the rest of Jubilee (Isaiah 61:2b-9).
  • The 6th seal will be opened and will announce the Great Day of the Lord.
  • Jesus will most likely come at the last blast of the shofar on the Feast of Trumpets [Yom Teruah = Tishrei 1st] which is also known as the Day of the Lord.  Jesus and His army will destroy His enemies who are in Jerusalem.  The first resurrection which is the resurrection of the righteous will take place at the last blast of the shofar.  The resurrected and those righteous who are left alive will join Jesus in the air in order to be taken to a place of safety until God’s final judgment has past.  These people are comparable to the mixed multitude that came out of Egypt (Lev. 23:24, Isaiah 27:13, Matt. 24:31, 1 Cor. 15:52).
  • People will gather for the Battle of Armageddon at the end of the 6th plague (Rev. 16:16).  The final seal, trumpet, and plague will take place:  The Battle of Armageddon will take place on the Day of Atonements [Yom Kippurim = Tishrei 10th].  The seventh trumpet seen by John in Revelation 11:19 is a reference to the Day of Atonements and it corresponds to the timing of the seventh seal and seventh plague.  The Beast of the Sea and the False Prophet will be cast into the lake of fire.  Their armies will be killed and eaten by birds of prey (Rev. 19).
  • Satan will be bound with a chain and cast into the abyss for 1000 years (Rev. 20:3).
  • The marriage supper of the Lamb will be celebrated after the Battle of Armageddon and during the Feast of Tabernacles [Hag Sukkot = Tishrei 15th – 21st] since a man can’t go to war for a year after His marriage (Deut. 24:5).  This is when Jesus will begin to dwell with His people (Lev. 23:34).
  • On Eighth Assembly [Shemini Atzeret — Tishrei 22nd], Jesus’ millennial reign will begin in Jerusalem (Lev. 23:36b).
  • At the end of the millennium, Satan will be released from the abyss to convince those on the earth to join him for the Battle of Gog and Magog but Jesus will destroy them by fire (Rev. 20:7-9).
  • The second resurrection which is the resurrection of the wicked will transpire followed by the final judgment on the Day of Atonements.  Those not found written in the book of life were thrown into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:5, 11-15).
  • On a Shemini Atzeret after the millennium, the new heaven and earth will come down which is where faithful Christians will spend eternity (Rev. 21:1-2).

Will you be watching for the Fall Feasts of the Lord to unfold?  Do you think the seals and trumpets have already begun?

Do you have a different opinion on the order of events or want justification for mine?

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Reason for Christ’s Return

The prophets had a lot to say about the Promised Land of Israel in the last days. What happened in the past will be true of the future as well.  Let’s see what will cause Jesus to return for the Battle of Armageddon.

The Lord said to Jeremiah in Jeremiah 33:24, “Have you not considered what these people have spoken, saying, ‘The two families which the Lord has chosen, He has also cast them off’? Thus they have despised My people, as if they should no more be a nation before them.”   Jeremiah 48:2 tells us that Moab devised evil against the land of Israel in Heshbon saying:   ‘Come, and let us cut her off as a nation.’

Psalm 83:3-4 has never been fulfilled and repeats this theme by saying, “They have taken crafty counsel against Your people, And consulted together against Your sheltered ones.4 They have said, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, That the name of Israel may be remembered no more.”   Verses 6-8 tell us who is involved in this confederacy:

  • Edom =  Southern Jordan
  • Ishmaelites = All Arabs
  • Moab = Central Jordan
  • Hagrites = Egypt
  • Gebal =Lebanon
  • Ammon = Northern Jordan
  • Amalek = Esau’s descendants – Jordanians and Arabs
  • Philistia = Gaza Strip
  • Tyre = Phoenicia = Southern Lebanon
  • Assyria = Syria and Iraq is allied with them too to reinforce the Children of Lot (Plains of Jordan)

Amos 1:13 suggests the reason for Ammon’s involvement is not only to cut Israel off from being a nation but so that they might enlarge their territory.

Today we see the hatred that is cultivated among Israel’s enemies in the Middle East.  This hatred is wrong yet it is growing daily.

Daniel 11:36-39 describes who the Jews believe to be Antiochus Epiphanes IV: “Then the king [of the north] shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done. 37 He shall regard neither the God of his fathers nor the desire of women, nor regard any god; for he shall exalt himself above them all. 38 But in their place he shall honor a god of fortresses; and a god which his fathers did not know he shall honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and pleasant things. 39 Thus he shall act against the strongest fortresses with a foreign god, which he shall acknowledge, and advance its glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and divide the land for gain.”  Even though this prophecy seemed to be fulfilled perfectly by Antiochus Epiphanes, Jesus indicated in Matthew 24:15 that the abomination of desolation would come in the future so this plan to divide the land for gain is a prophecy for the last days. The foreign god mentioned here is the god of Islam.

As you can see, the reason for the battle of the last days will be over the right of ownership of the land of Israel. This goes back to the time of Jacob and Esau! This is a fulfillment of Biblical prophecy!

Islamic jihad is not just to eliminate the Jews and to take the land of Israel.  It comes from a desire to dominate the world.  This is now taking place in America step by step as a result of political correctness but will also happen steadily as the population growth of Muslims increases and the rate of population growth of non-Muslims continues to decline.  As this takes place, the time for the rise of the Antichrist will be ripe. Shariah law will eventually replace our constitution.

For now we need to understand that Islamic jihad is waged against those in the West because the largest concentration of true Christians in the world is in America and because in the past America had been a strong ally of Israel.  Ultimately Islamic jihad is fought against Jesus, the Lamb of God.  Since this is the case, Islamic jihad originates from Satan.

Remember, who ever fights against Israel, will be fighting against Jesus. Isaiah 66:15-16 describes the Battle of Armageddon this way: “For behold, the Lord will come with fire And with His chariots, like a whirlwind, To render His anger with fury, And His rebuke with flames of fire. 16 For by fire and by His sword The Lord will judge all flesh; And the slain of the Lord shall be many.”  This should remind you of Revelation 19:11-16.

Isaiah 66:18-21 explains the reason for Jesus’ return and what will happen after the battle: For I know their works and their thoughts. It shall be that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come and see My glory. 19 I will set a sign among them; and those among them who escape I will send to the nations: to Tarshish and Pul and Lud, who draw the bow, and Tubal and Javan, to the coastlands afar off who have not heard My fame nor seen My glory. And they shall declare My glory among the Gentiles. 20 Then they shall bring all your brethren for an offering to the Lord out of all nations, on horses and in chariots and in litters, on mules and on camels, to My holy mountain Jerusalem,” says the Lord, “as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the Lord. 21 And I will also take some of them for priests and Levites,” says the Lord.”

Obadiah 17-18, 21 sums things up quite well: “But on Mount Zion there shall be deliverance, And there shall be holiness; The house of Jacob shall possess their possessions. 18 The house of Jacob shall be a fire, And the house of Joseph a flame; But the house of Esau shall be stubble; They shall kindle them and devour them, And no survivor shall remain of the house of Esau,” For the Lord has spoken. … Then saviors shall come to Mount Zion To judge the mountains of Esau, And the kingdom shall be the Lord’s.”

Before these things can happen, Israel (all of God’s people –- both natural and grafted branches) will be judged.  The reasons are found in Amos 2.  It is clear that we must repent of our sins and trespasses. We must embrace and obey Torah because in the end, only those who are meek and righteous will inherit the land of Israel (Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5, Psalm 37:29).

Please take time to suggest how we can survive and respond to Israel’s enemies in the last days as we wait for the Lord’s return.

The Battle of Armageddon will eventually come to pass in order to fulfill prophecy.  In the meantime, will you stand in support of the land of Israel by interceding for Israel as Islamic jihad continues?

Despite what Israel’s enemies desire and do, Isaiah 60:21-22 prophesies, “Also your people shall all be righteous; They shall inherit the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified.  22 A little one shall become a thousand, And a small one a strong nation.  I, the Lord, will hasten it in its time.”

Feast of Tabernacles (Hag Sukkkot)

The Feast of Tabernacles is also known as the Feast of Booths or the Hag Sukkot.  It begins on the 15th of Tishrei, lasts seven days, and ends on the 21st of Tishrei.  The Israelites are to dwell in booths or “sukkot” (singular = sukkah) for seven days to remember that the children of Israel dwelled in booths when the Lord brought them out of Egypt.

On Tishrei 15th (1st day) and 22nd (8th day), Israel is to celebrate and wave luvav which are fruit of beautiful trees (citron), branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees (myrtle), and willows of the brook bound together.

The Hag Sukkot takes place around the time of the fruit and nut harvest – especially the grape and olive harvest.  In Israel, the harvests are not all completed by the time of the Hag Sukkot.  Actually a bountiful grape harvest can extend beyond the Hag Sukkot to the time when sowing should take place.   Olive harvests typically begin taking place sometime in October and extend into November.  After the harvests are complete, they must be processed.  Grapes are processed to make wine or raisins while olives are processed for oil.

The time of the final spiritual harvest of the last days mentioned in Revelation 14:14-20 takes place prior to the Hag Sukkot.  God’s people are the olive harvest and the wicked are the grape harvest (Rev. 14:14-20).

Every harvest cycle has a period of separation whether it is barley (winnowing), wheat (threshing), or grapes (crushing blood from skin) and olives (crushing oil from the fruit).  What results from these separation processes is what is clean and holy versus unclean and common.

Jesus’ parables reveal that in the end (during the fall feasts) there will be a separating of people:

  • Wheat from the weeds (True Christians from those who are counterfeit).
  • Good fish from the bad fish (Ritually clean people from those who are ritually unclean).
  • Wise virgins from the foolish virgins (People who lived wisely and had plenty of the oil of the Holy Spirit from those who quenched the Holy Spirit, foolishly gratified the desires of the flesh, and were not prepared for Christ’s return).

There are several Scriptures and thematic parallels that lead me to believe this separation takes place at the end of the tribulation:

  • Mark 13:24-27:  “But in those days, after that tribulation… Then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory.  27 And then He will send His angels, and gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest part of earth to the farthest part of heaven.  (NKJV)
  • Matthew 13:30:  In the parable of the wheat and weeds, the weeds are collected at harvest time, tied in bundles, and then thrown into the fire.  After that, the wheat is gathered into the owner’s barn.
  • Luke 1:22-37:  In the passages about one being taken and the other left, the ones who will be taken will be eaten by birds of prey and the righteous will remain alive like Noah and Lot did.

Remember that Colossians 2:16-17 indicates the feasts are a shadow of things to come.  If the spiritual harvest has been reaped just prior to the actual Hag Sukkot, there must be more to this feast than the fact it takes place around the final harvest of the year and remembering the Israelites dwelled in booths in the wilderness.  Since the idea behind Tabernacles is that God is dwelling with His people, the Hag Sukkot is most likely the actual season of Jesus’ birthday when Immanuel came to dwell with us (Matt. 1:23).

Another clue to the significance of this feast may be found in the Hebrew text.  The Hebrew words for “dwell in booths” found in Leviticus 23:42 can also mean to “marry in booths.”  In other words, the seven days of the Hag Sukkot may be the 7 days of the wedding feast of the Lamb (the seven days of huppah) when the bride and groom spend intimate time together as husband and wife.  The eighth day is known as Shemini Atzeret or Eighth Assembly.  It represents a new beginning when Jesus is dwelling with His people in Jerusalem.

Now that you understand these two things, would you celebrate the Hag Sukkot as God commanded?

Feast of Trumpets and Day of Atonements

The Lord commanded His people to observe the Feast of Trumpets in Leviticus 23:23-32.  It is written:

 “Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.  25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.’” 26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29 For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath.”   (NKJV)

The Feast of Trumpets is also known as Yom Teruah or the Day of Blowing.  It is a memorial Sabbath day of rest and blowing trumpets.  It occurs on the first day of Tishrei which falls in early autumn sometime in September or October.  On this day, shofars made from kosher animal horns and silver trumpets are blown.  The assembly (church) is gathered for a holy convocation.

In the New Testament, the Greek term salpigx is used for both shofars and silver trumpets so when it mentions a trumpet, we don’t know which is being referred to unless we try to find verses in the Old Testament that correlates with verses in the New Testament.

No reason is given in Scripture for this day; however, we may be able to get a clue based on when both types of trumpets were normally blown:

  • Sound the alarm of war (Jer. 4:19; Num. 10:9)
  • Gather or call people together (Judges 3:27; Num. 10:2)
  • Announce the king reigns (1 Kings 1:34; 2 Kings 9:13, 11:14)
  • Make joyful noise, celebrate, praise, and worship (1 Chron. 15:28, 13:8; Psalm 150:3)

We’ll be doing all of these things during the fall feasts when Jesus returns so Yom Teruah must signal the beginning of the fulfillment of the fall feasts of the Lord and possibly the time of the Lord’s return.

Isaiah 27:13 specifically indicates that a shofar will be used to announce the Day of the Lord with a great trumpet to punish the wicked and gather God’s people so they can worship Him in Jerusalem on God’s holy mountain.

First Corinthians 15:51-52 says, “Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed — in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” 

Messianic Jews understand this will take place at the last trumpet of Yom Teruah.  The “last trumpet” being the tekiah gedolah or last in a series of 7 trumpets.  This blast is one long blast that is held as long as possible.

No one knows exactly how we will be changed.  Maybe we will have wings and be able to soar as on wings of eagles.

The time between Day of Blowing and the Day of Atonements is known by the Jews as the Days of Awe.  This is a time of repentance, devotion and penitent prayers.  It’s considered a last chance to get right with God before He decides what will happen to you in the coming year and write it in His books.

The Day of Atonements takes place in September or October on the tenth of Tishrei.  It is a Sabbath day of rest, a day to afflict oneself.  The Jews understand “afflicting oneself” as fasting.  This day is also a time for a holy convocation or assembling together.

When the temple was still in operation, offerings were brought to atone the:

  • Most Holy Place
  • Tabernacle
  • Altar of Incense
  • Priests
  • Members of the community

The High Priest offered a young bull (sin offering) and ram (burnt offering) for himself (Lev. 16:3).   The congregation gave the High Priest two goats (sin offerings – one for the Lord and one as a scapegoat) and a ram (burnt offering) for the people (Lev. 16:5).

Jesus’ sacrifice has provided these atonements for us.  In Matthew 27:16-17 of the Greek New Testament, we can see that Barabbas’ first name was also Jesus.  Barabbas is Aramaic for “son of father.”  When Barabbas was released, he became the scapegoat while Jesus, Son of The Heavenly Father was the sin offering for the Lord.  The main difference was that Barabbas did not take away the sins of the world but Jesus, Son of The Heavenly Father did.

Those who do not fast to afflict their souls on this day or do not rest instead of work will be cut off from God’s people.

I tend to think Jesus could return on the Day of Atonement instead of the Feast of Trumpets for two reasons.

Note the order of  Joel 1:14-15:
“Consecrate a fast [possibly representing the Day of Atonement], Call a sacred assembly; Gather the elders
And all the inhabitants of the land Into the house of the Lord your God, And cry out to the Lord. 15 Alas for the day!  For the day of the Lord is at hand; It shall come as destruction from the Almighty.” 
(NKJV)

Revelation 11:19 describes the scene in heaven when the 7th trumpet sounded:  ” Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple [Normally seen by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement].   And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail.”  (NKJV)

If Jesus were to come on the Day of Atonements instead of the Feast of Trumpets, all hope would be gone if everyone was expecting Him to come on the Feast of Trumpets.  Whenever He comes we  must not give up hope.

Will you choose to celebrate the Fall Feasts in expectation of how they will be fulfilled at some point in the future?   Even though most people refer to them as the Feast of the Jews they are really called the Feasts of the Lord.  They apply to all believers in Christ and not just the Jews.

Now that you’ve learned a little about the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonements, be sure to come back in order to learn a little about the Feast of Tabernacles…

Timing of Christ’s Return

When anticipating Christ’s return, we need to bear in mind Daniel 9:25 which begins by saying, “Know therefore and understand…”

To do that we need to understand the significance of the fall feasts.  I’ve tried to understand the typology of the feasts because I believe God wants us to know, understand, and be ready for Christ’s return.  Many say the New Testament says we can’t know when Christ’s return will be.  If we read the Scriptures carefully, we’ll see that  Jesus will only come as a thief in the night to non-believers!!  Believers should be ready, waiting, and watching for His return. (Matt. 25:1-13, 2 Peter 3:10-18)

Daniel 12:10 says, “Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.”  Doesn’t this mean we should know when to expect the Lord to return?  I think it does.

The last shavuah (7 years) prior to Jesus’ return should have only 86 moons in order for the feasts to line up properly and fulfill the time prophecies.  The following 7 year spans have 86 moons:

  • 2011-2017 (2013 and 2015 have embolismic months)
  • 2014-2020 (2015 and 2018 have embolismic months)
  • 2016-2022 (2018 and 2021 have embolismic months)
  • 2019-2025 (2021 and 2023 have embolismic months)
  • 2022-2028 (2023 and 2026 have embolismic months)
  • 2024-2030 (2026 and 2029 have embolismic months)
  • 2025-2031 (2026 and 2029 have embolismic months)
  • 2027-2033 (2029 and 2032 have embolismic months)

The last shavuah should also end in a year of Jubilee (Lev. 25:8-55). The Jews did not always keep up with the timing of Jubilee.  To get an accurate time for Jubilee we need to go to the Bible.  When Jesus read Isaiah 61:1-2a in the synagogue in Nazareth, He said He had fulfilled this passage of Scripture as He read it (Luke 4:16-21). This passage is a description of Jubilee which occured every 50 years (49 years + 1 year).  In other words, Jesus announced the last Jubilee recorded in the Bible.  But wait, most people don’t realize what all of Isaiah 61:2 says: “To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn…” (NKJV)  The reason He didn’t finish the verse was because He is going to finish fulfilling the rest of verse 2 when He returns!

Jesus read this passage from Isaiah at the beginning of His ministry – right after His baptism and time of temptation.  This was probably in the fall of 28 C.E. because according to Luke 3:1-3, John the Baptist began his ministry in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.  Tiberius Caesar’s reign began on the 19th of August in 14 C.E. so the 15th year was 28 C.E.  Jesus began his ministry later that same year.

If Jesus’ ministry began in 28 C.E around the Feast of Tabernacles and ended in 32 C.E at Passover, His ministry would’ve lasted 3 ½ years. Since Jesus announced Jubilee at the beginning of His ministry, the years September 2021 – September 2028 seem to be the most likely 7 year span for the 70th week of Daniel and the last 3 1/2 years being the tribulation.

If this speculation is correct (I’m not prophesying, just speculating.), that means:

  • A peace treaty may begin on the Day of Blowing (Feast of Trumpets) = September 7, 2021 (Tishrei 1, 5782).
  • April 8, 2025 (Nissan 10, 5785) is the time when the Passover Lamb is to be inspected and would be the time when final inspection of the False Prophet should take place as well.
  • An abomination of desolation should be set up or be in the process thereof around April 17, 2025 (Nissan 19, 5785) which is during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
  • April 9, 2025 (Nisan 11, 5785) thru September 21, 2028 (Tishrei 1, 5789) will be 1260 days.
  • Jesus should return at the last trumpet (shofar) of the Feast of Trumpets (Day of Blowing) = September 21, 2028 (Tishrei 1, 5789).
  • Jubilee should take place on the Day of Atonements = September 30, 2028 (Tishrei 10, 5789).

If this is not correct, Jesus must still return in a year of Jubilee and world events must be fulfilling other aspects of prophecy. We’ll try to look at world history and current events to see where we are in another post.

Do not worry if Jesus seems delayed in coming. Don’t let it be an excuse for apostasy. Remember, there is an appointed day and time for everything. Keep looking for the fulfillment of prophecy to take place because Jesus won’t come until certain events take place. Remain faithful, watch, and be ready for Christ’s return in a year of Jubilee!

Remember, the wise will understand.  For more information on how the feasts of the Lord reveal the timing of Christ’s return, please see my post on the “Metonic Cycle.”