Salvation from Genesis to Revelation Part 4

So far we’ve seen how the theme of salvation progressed from the Tanach (Old Testament) through a major portion of the Brit Chadashah (New Testament).  Initially, Israel was often saved from their physical enemies.  Eventually, their enemies had infiltrated their communities and influenced them to commit idolatry.  In Yeshua’s day, many people were not walking in obedience to the law despite the fact their forefathers had spent time in exile in Babylon.  It was necessary for Yeshua to save Israel from the path of death they were on by calling the Jews to repentance; He did this by encouraging them to return to the law of YHVH.

Many people in the Hebraic Roots movement are saying that salvation is a future thing.  Because of this, we looked at the tense, mood, and voice of the Greek verb for “saved” to determine whether being saved is a past event or not.  The vast majority of times this verb is used in the Brit Chadashah, it’s in the aorist tense which is a past event. It is often in the indicative mood which is a point in time event.  Only in Ephesians 2:8-9 is the perfect form used; this usage is a past completed action that has an on-going effect.  The verses with a future tense refer to something that will happen in the future when certain conditions are met.  At that point, salvation would be a past event.  If someone has convinced you to stop ignoring God’s commandments and to live a life of obedience, you have been saved or rescued from the path of destruction and death that you were on.

Even so, Israel can expect a physical salvation from their enemies during the Battle of Armageddon and during the Battle of Gog and Magog.  The purpose of salvation is to rescue people from the ultimate curse of the law which is death; the only way to do this is to take them back to the same choice between life and death that Moses set before the people and encourage them to choose life.  Choosing life requires people to accept the terms of the covenant between YHVH and Israel.  These terms will not pass away until heaven and earth pass away.

We’ve seen that salvation in Exodus preceded entering the covenant with YHVH.  In addition, we’ve looked at how to enter the new covenant; this is patterned after how people entered the original covenant. It is clear that we are saved by faith yet we are justified by our works; in other words, our works (Torah obedience which includes acts of kindness) demonstrate our faith.  In addition, Paul was right to say that we should not abolish the law because of faith; he upheld the law (Romans 3:31).

Yeshua lived righteously.  He is the Cornerstone and Gate of Salvation which allows us to enter the covenant and experience blessing (life).  We have been given the Ruach HaKodesh so we can walk in the Ruach like Yeshua did, and not fulfill the lust of the flesh.  If we are led by the Ruach, we are not under the curse of the law (death); instead we are choosing life.

What we need to know now is how Yeshua is going to firmly establish his kingdom.  This will require the future physical salvation of His people.  Remember, God shows us what is to happen in the future in the events of the past.  Ecclesiastes 1:9 says: “That which has been is what will be, That which is done is what will be done, And there is nothing new under the sun.”

We see the present and future in the patterns of the past.  They are thematic shadows, and not necessarily exact.  Sometimes thematic events happen in unexpected ways.  Sometimes there is opposition (the opposite of what we expect happens); this could be a result of the personal choices people make.  Sometimes a single person may play one or more roles as compared to the original pattern; the opposite is true as well.  Sometimes, the order of events might be out of order due to a particular reason.  Often what applies to an individual can apply to a corporate body; the reverse of this is true as well.  Despite this, the patterns are there.  We can see what God did in the past and understand what He intends to do in the future.

The salvific patterns we need to remember are:

  • Preservation of a Remnant
  • Messiah and Anti-Messiah
  • The Establishment of Messiah’s Reign
  • The Establishment of the Kingdom of God
  • Slain from the Foundation of the World

When you look at these, it may be helpful to read down the first column to see the sequence of events.  Then, read each row to see how the pattern was repeated or will be repeated.

The following pattern is the “Preservation of a Remnant”:

Preservation of a Remnant

Joseph

Moses

Yeshua

God sent Joseph to Egypt to:

·         Preserve a posterity for the sons of Israel in the earth;

·         Save their lives by a great deliverance.

God sent Moses back to Egypt to:

·         Preserve a posterity for the sons of Israel in the earth

·         Save their lives by a great deliverance.

God sent Yeshua to His people to:

·         Preserve a posterity (remnant) for the sons of Israel in the earth

·         Save their lives by a great deliverance

Joseph gave instructions for the collection of grain for the coming famine.

Joseph provided grain to the known world so they could live and not die.

YHVH provided manna, quail, and water for His people who were under Moses’ leadership.

He also gave them the terms of the covenant so they could choose to live and not die.

Yeshua taught the Word of God (spiritual food & terms of the covenant); preached repentance; and gave His life so the world could live and not die.

 

This pattern shows what Yeshua’s goals were in the first century.  In Joseph’s and Moses’ time, the people are entering, in, or coming out of Egypt.  By Yeshua’s day, YHVH’s people are in a kind of spiritual Egypt.  YHVH provided the means to preserve and save them.  Note that in each column there is some kind of nourishment (whether it was grain, manna, or the Word of God) that accomplishes the goal of preserving or sustaining life.  Instructions or terms of the covenant were for everyone.  Life or death was dependent on whether or not people followed the instructions or terms of the covenant.  You cannot have a covenant without terms; the terms of the original and new covenant are the same.

 

The following is the pattern of the Messiah and Anti-Messiah.

Messiah and Anti-Messiah

Pattern

Past

Future

YHVH’s

Anointed  Shepherd

 

Cyrus, king of Persia

(5th century BCE)

Yeshua, the

Branch of Righteousness;

Good Shepherd

Son of Joseph and David

(1st century CE)

Anti-Messiah

 

Antiochus Epiphanes IV

(1st century BCE)

False Prophet

 

Horn [Agent] of Salvation

 

Yeshua, the

Branch of Righteousness

Son of Joseph;

Son of David

(1st century CE)

Faithful & True;

Word of God (Yeshua)

 

 

This pattern shows that YHVH’s anointed shepherd was/will be followed by an anti-Messiah.  This person was/will be followed by a certain horn/agent of salvation.  As the pattern repeats itself, the same horn/agent of salvation is none other than Yeshua HaMashiach.

Isaiah 44:28 and 45:1 describe Cyrus as YHVH’s anointed shepherd.  Based on our chart, he prefigures Yeshua.  Several centuries after Cyrus allowed the Jews return to Israel, Antiochus Epiphanes IV wreaks havoc among God’s people.

KJA  1 Maccabees 1:10  “And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.”

1Maccabees 1:41-50  Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one people, 42 And every one should leave his laws… 45 And (he) forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days: 46 And pollute the sanctuary and holy people:  47 Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice swine’s flesh, and unclean beasts:  48 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation:  49 To the end they might forget the law, and change all the ordinances.  50 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment of the king, he said, he should die.”

In Jeremiah 23:1-6, YHVH promised He would gather the remnant of His flock and set decent shepherds over them.  He promised to raise up to David a Branch of Righteousness.  This Branch would be a king who would reign and prosper.  This man would/will be called “YHVH Our Righteousness.”

During the time of the Roman empire, Yeshua HaMashiach was born.  He was conceived of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and adopted by Joseph who was of the line of David.  Matthew’s genealogy seems to indicate that Yeshua is the prophesied Branch of Righteousness who was raised up to bypass the curse of Jeconiah, a descendant of David and be the rightful heir to the throne. (See Jer. 22:28-30; 23:5)

Yeshua was anointed at His baptism (Matthew 3:16), and later He described Himself as the “Good Shepherd” (John 10:11-14).

Revelation 13:11-17 describes the coming false prophet (anti-Messiah) like this:  “Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon. 12 And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. 15 He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, 17 and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.”

The Horn of Salvation that is to come is described in Revelation 19:11-15:  “Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.”

I think this pattern shows us that God always intended for Yeshua to come twice, and not just once.  In addition, there would be a leader who would oppose the covenant and lead people astray.

 

The following is the pattern of the “Establishment of Messiah’s Reign.”

The Establishment of Messiah’s Reign

Pattern

Past

Future

A son of David died in/on a tree and was thrust through with 1 or 3 spears. Absalom Yeshua
An Anti-Messiah (an un-anointed person) was exalted and gained authority. He was followed by others. Adonijah Beast of Revelation and the False Prophet
A son of David was anointed (mashach) as king and had a peaceful reign/he spoke peace. Solomon (1 Kings 1:39, 43) Yeshua

 

In 2 Samuel 18:14, Absalom was killed by Joab while he hung in a terebinth tree with his hair caught in the branches.  Joab thrust him through with 3 spears.  Note the visual similarity of the crown of thorns Yeshua wore on his head with Absalom’s hair being caught in the tree branches.

In 1 Kings 1:5 and 7-8, Adonijah said, “I will be king.” Then he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest; and they followed and helped Adonijah.

In 1 Kings 1:39-40,  Zadok the priest anointed Solomon as king according to David’s command.

In Acts 5:30-31, Yeshua was crucified on a tree but was resurrected by the Father to be Prince and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.

In John 19:34, a soldier thrust Yeshua through with a spear so that blood and water flowed out before he was taken down from the tree.

Revelation 13:3 and 7 describe the Leopard-Bear-Lion Beast which was from the sea:  “And all the world marveled and followed the beast…It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation.”

Revelation 13:15-17 describes the Beast from the earth that had 2 horns like a lamb, and spoke like a dragon:  “He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, 17 and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

It may still be too soon to tell but I think we may be starting to hear the False Prophet encouraging the worship of the Beast.

Now let’s look at several verses which describe Yeshua’s reign and the theme of peace:

Zechariah 9:9-10:  “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!  Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey. 10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim And the horse from Jerusalem; The battle bow shall be cut off. He shall speak peace to the nations; His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea, And from the River to the ends of the earth.”

Luke 1:31-33  “And behold, you (Miriam/Mary) will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus (Yeshua). 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. 33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

 

The following pattern of the “Establishment of the Kingdom of God.”

The Establishment of the Kingdom of God

Pattern

Under Solomon

Yeshua (Past)

Yeshua (Future)

A man riding an animal; followed by an announcement 1 Kings 1:33-40

Solomon rode David’s mule. Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel; and blow the horn, and say, ‘Long live King Solomon!’

Matt 21:7-9 (fulfillment of Zech. 9:9)

Yeshua rode a donkey and colt into Jerusalem.  The multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:  “Hosanna to the Son of David!

‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ Hosanna in the highest!”

Revelation 19:11, 17-18

Faithful and True rides a white horse, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. …An angel invites all the flying birds to “Come and gather together for the supper of the great God…”

 

Death

 

1 Kings 2:25

Solomon had Adonijah put to death for attempting to usurp David’s throne.

 

Matt 27:1-2

All the chief priests and elders of the people plotted against Yeshua to put Him to death.  The sign placed above His head called Him the King of the Jews.

Revelation 19:19-21

The beast and the false prophet were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone.

The rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse.

Exile and/or replacement/exchange/release 1 Kings 2:26, 35 

Solomon exiled Abiathar the priest to Ananoth for siding with Adonijah. He was replaced by Zadok.

 

Matthew 27:20-22

The chief priests and elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for BarAbbas [“son of father”] to be released from prison instead of Yeshua [the Son of the Father].

(note: Yeshua replaced BarAbbas)

Revelation 20:1-3

An angel took the dragon [the serpent of old, the Devil, Satan] and bound him and sealed him in the abyss (a picture of exile).

He was released after a thousand years to deceive the nations to gather them for the Battle of Gog and Magog.

Death for ___ innocent blood

 

1 Kings 2:31

Solomon had Joab put to death for siding with Adonijah and shedding innocent blood.

Matthew 27:3-5

Judas confessed saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.”  He left, and went and hanged himself.

 

Revelation 20:7-10

Battle of Gog and Magog:  Satan and the nations will gather to surround the camp of the saints (who are innocent) and the city of Jerusalem [to destroy them]. God will devour them with fire. The devil will be cast into the lake of fire.

Jerusalem and/or Judgment

 

1 Kings 2:36 

Since Shimei did not stay in Jerusalem as he’d been commanded and warned, Solomon had him put to death for cursing King David when he’d gone to Mahanaim to escape Absalom (2 Sam. 16:5).

 

Acts 1:4-6

Yeshua commanded the disciples to stay in Jerusalem, and to wait for the baptism of the Ruach HaKodesh [Holy Spirit].

 

It was not time to restore the kingdom to Israel [not time for judgment].

Revelation 20:11-15

After the Great White Throne Judgment, the wicked will be cast into the lake of fire

 

The righteous will enter the New Jerusalem.

 

Throne

 

1 Kings 2:12

Then Solomon sat on the throne of his father David; and his kingdom was firmly established.

 

Hebrews 10:12-13

Yeshua, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God [who is seated on His throne] Yeshua is now waiting until His enemies are made His footstool.

 

Revelation 22:3-5

The throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in the New Jerusalem And they shall reign forever and ever.

 

Revelation 3:21

Yeshua will let him who overcomes sit with Him on His throne, as He also overcame and sat down with His Father on His throne.

 

The sequence of events that took place when Solomon became king set the stage for what would be necessary for Yeshua’s kingdom to be established. As you can see, this will take place in two stages.  The first stage has past, and the second is yet to come.

 

The question has been raised:

  • Why was Yeshua slain from the foundation of the world?

I believe the answer is:

  • So that YHVH’s work of salvation would always come before sin ever took place.
  • To establish a pattern that would be repeated several times in Scripture.
  • To show us this was always YHVH’s plan from before the very beginning.

 

Slain From the Foundation of the World

Pattern

Adam

Joseph

Moses

Yeshua

Revelation

Innocent slain

 

Yeshua was slain before foundation of the world

 

Picture of death: Joseph was lowered into a pit & later raised up to life.

Joseph’s father believed he had been killed by a wild beast.

Innocent Hebrew babies were killed by throwing them into the Nile

 

John the Baptist was beheaded

 

Babylon the Great was drunk with the blood of the martyrs

Souls had been beheaded for their witness to Yeshua and for the word of God.

Sinned or Accused of Sin Adam & Eve sinned by eating from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Accused of adultery

 

Moses killed an Egyptian

 

Accused of blasphemy

 

Beast committed blasphemy

 

Death Animal(s) killed in order to provide clothing for Adam & Eve

 

Joseph’s brothers killed a kid of the goats to deceive their father.

 

Death of Egyptian firstborns

 

Yeshua executed for blasphemy

 

 

Beast and false prophet were cast into the lake of fire;

The 10 kings and their armies were killed and eaten by birds of prey.

Exile/

Prison

Adam & Eve were exiled from the garden of Eden. Joseph was carried away from Canaan and exiled in prison in Egypt. Mixed multitude left Egypt and entered the wilderness. Yeshua left earth and returned to the Father. The dragon was cast into the pit for 1000 years.
Death Abel died Baker died Egyptian army was killed in Red Sea. Thief #1

Will not be in paradise.

Those not written in Book of Life were cast into the lake of fire.
Life Cain lived Cup bearer lived Mixed multitude crossed the Red Sea and lived. Thief #2

Will be in paradise.

Those written in the Book of Life can enter the New Jerusalem.

 

Yeshua was slain before the foundation of the world so that the work of salvation could take place BEFORE Adam and Eve ever sinned.

We can look at this in two ways:

  • The decision was made for Yeshua to die at that time.
  • Yeshua really was slain in the heavenly realm at that time to provide atonement for all mankind so He could be the cornerstone and gate of righteousness. This view considers the idea of similar parallels between what goes on in heaven and on earth. Obviously, Yeshua would eventually be slain in the physical realm in order to conquer death and be the propitiation for sin.

Finally, we have death and life.  During Adam’s time Abel died and Cain lived.  Now I’m aware that Abel was innocent and that Cain was not, but what we need to see is that the theme of the pattern is that one person died and the other lived.

Life and death are the choices that have been set before mankind.  I am echoing the words of Moses found in Deuteronomy 30:19-20:  “I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live; 20 that you may love the Lord your God, that you may obey His voice, and that you may cling to Him, for He is your life and the length of your days; and that you may dwell in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them.”

We’ve seen that the theme of salvation is consistent throughout Scripture.  We have seen that salvation:

  • took place in the past to preserve a posterity for the sons of Israel
  • is on-going in the present to preserve a remnant for the kingdom of God.
  • and that it will take place in the future to protect this remnant from their enemies and to firmly establish the kingdom of God.

Praise YHVH.  “You (YHVH) went forth for the salvation of Your people, For salvation with Your Anointed.  You struck the head from the house of the wicked, By laying bare from foundation to neck.”  (Habakkuk 3:13)

 

 

Salvation from Genesis to Revelation Part 2

This post begins part 2 of Salvation from Genesis to Revelation.

You might be wondering:

  • Why would Yeshua be saving people from their sins?
  • What would that have to do with the kind of salvation we’ve seen in the Tanach?

Let’s see if we can answer those questions by examining the progression of salvation in the following chart…

Reference Players Enemies/Destroyer Agent of Salvation
Genesis 3 Adam & Eve Serpent YHVH Elohim
Genesis 6-8 Noah & His Family Corrupted Earth

(Man & Nephilim)

YHVH Elohim
Genesis 45 Israel’s Family Famine/Death Joseph
Exodus Hebrews Egyptians Moses
Deut. 31:3-6 Mixed Multitude Those in land of Canaan YHVH Elohim & Joshua
1 Samuel 9:16 Israel Philistines Saul
2 Samuel 3:18 Israel Philistines David

 

In the beginning, man had a single enemy known as the serpent who tempted them to sin.  On that day they were supposed to die for eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; but, they didn’t.  Instead, their lives were preserved. (Remember, being preserved is one of the meanings of our verb yasha.)

It is often understood that YHVH Elohim provided a means to preserve their lives by killing one or more animals and using their blood to atone (caphar) and forgive their sin. God used the skins of these animals to clothe (lavash) Adam and Eve.

YHVH must have taught them how to restore and maintain the relationship between them by teaching them how to offer Him various sacrifices.  We know this is true because later we see their children offering sacrifices.

Much later, we are taught in Leviticus 17:11 that it is the blood that is the primary means of providing atonement for the soul.

We’ve already recalled how Noah and his family were saved/delivered from the flood that wiped out the wicked.  And we talked about how God used Joseph to deliver the known world from famine and death.

Next YHVH used Moses as his agent of salvation.

This didn’t happen immediately.  The people had to be convinced that Moses was really called by God to deliver his people.  They also had to watch the 10 plagues unfold, leave Egypt, cross the Red Sea and wander in the wilderness for 40 years.  Although they experienced the single event of being brought out of Egypt, salvation was also a process that took place over an extended period of time.

Under Joshua’s leadership, the 2nd generation had to fight their enemies to take over the land.  YHVH is the one who gave them salvation and victory during that time.

After the period of the judges, Saul and David became the agents of salvation.  This is the role of the king who was expected to lead his people into battle and defeat enemies such as the Philistines.

Reference Players Enemies/Destroyer Agent of Salvation
Luke 1:68-75 Israel World & those who hate us Horn of Salvation

[Yeshua]

Matthew 19 Rich Young Ruler Riches of the world Yeshua
John 1:29 World Sinful influence of the world Yeshua
Acts 2:14-40 Judeans & those in Jerusalem Perverse generation Yeshua

 

As time went by, the enemies were not just single individuals or tribes of people. Their enemies grew so large that they and their wickedness inhabited and permeated the whole world.

The solution was not just to save the Jews from pockets of enemies scattered here and there.  The solution had to be to deal with the sins of entire perverse generations that infiltrated and influenced God’s people then and which still do today.

In the Brit Chadashah (New Testament), Yeshua was raised up to be the Horn of Salvation to save His people from the world. This includes those who hated Israel, the riches of the world, the sinful influence of the world, and the perverse generation that the Jews were living among.

As we have seen, YHVH Elohim always provided agents of salvation for His people.

The death of an animal, an enemy, and/or Yeshua Himself allowed for the possibility of the preservation of life to take place.  The death of an animal and Yeshua was a substitutionary death.  The death of an enemy resulted in something practical – if there was no enemy, there was no threat to life.

Today, we live in a perverse generation.  We should separate ourselves from wicked influences and create a support system in which we can live a lifestyle of Torah obedience until:

  • Wickedness reaches its fullness;
  • Messiah returns, makes war, and destroys the Beast and the 10 kings who follow him;
  • YHVH’s Torah is taught and obeyed world-wide.

Please don’t think YHVH has ceased to physically deliver the Jews from their enemies.  He’s constantly been working miracles of salvation among the IDF and Israel.

In the meantime, by living a lifestyle of faith and obedience, people are living in covenant with YHVH.

Salvation (when defined as being saved from your sins and/or your enemies; or as being preserved for the kingdom of God) is a by-product or result of trusting YHVH and obeying the law.  Salvation is therefore a blessing of abiding by the covenant.

The blessing is found in Deuteronomy 28:7 –  “The LORD will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before your face; they shall come out against you one way and flee before you seven ways.”

We need to think of who are enemies are and ask the Father to show us what we must do to defeat them and to let us know when we need to simply stand and let Him fight for us.

In a similar way, we can have victory over the devil who is our enemy today by submitting to God and resisting him.  If we do this, we can expect him to flee.

Today we still experience the blessings of deliverance and preservation.  These aspects of salvation are both seen in:

  • 2 Timothy 4:18“And the Lord will deliver (rusetai) me from every evil work and will preserve (sosei; future, active, indicative) me for His heavenly kingdom. To Him be glory forever and ever. Amen!”

How do we receive these 2 aspects of salvation (deliverance and preservation)?

  • James 1:21 — Therefore lay aside all filthiness and overflow of wickedness, and receive with meekness the implanted word [hear, understand, and do what it says BCM], which is able to save (sosai; aorist, active, indicative) your souls.”

Recall the parable of the sower in Matthew 13:18ff.  “But he who received seed on the good ground is he who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty (vs 21).”  That’s the kind of soil we want to be.  Do not be the wrong kind of soil.

Once we are experiencing the blessing of salvation.  We need to become agents of salvation.

  • James 5:20 — let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save (sosei; future active indicative) a soul [keep him BCM] from death (lake of fire; 2nd death) and cover a multitude of sins.”

Remember, we are to be agents of salvation; we are to turn sinners from the error of their ways so they can live and not die.  If someone lives according to the covenant, their souls will be saved from the lake of fire, also known as the 2nd death.

Salvation (the result of repentance) is not just a future thing as I have heard some people say.  It certainly can have long lasting results that extend into the future.  Based on the tense, mood, and voice of the Greek verb that is used, we know salvation is NOT just a future thing.

Let’s have a little lesson in Greek grammar…

Greek verbs do not work like Hebrew or English verbs.  If you are going to properly interpret the Apostolic Scriptures, you need to know the bare basics of how Greek verbs operate.  They are a bit complex.  It’s really important to learn how both languages function, even if you don’t know all of the details.  You can always look up the details if you know what you need to be aware of.

The main reason I’m showing you this is to help you realize what you need to be aware of when interpreting Greek Scripture so that you don’t make assumptions based only on English translations and so other people with less language skills don’t lead you astray.  Most of the time Greek verbs are probably translated correctly, but sometimes they are not.

Greek verbs have what’s known as Tense, Mood, and Voice. I will show you several charts with the major tenses for the word “save” and point out a few translations to make my point.

For our post on salvation, the aorist tense makes up the majority of the instances of the verb “save.” It is basically translated as a whole event that takes place in the past.

 

The examples in this 1st chart are all aorist.

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
To save Mat 18:11; Mar 8:35 (1st); Luke 9:24, 56; 17:33; 19:10; 1 Tim 1:15; Jam 1:21; 2:14 Aorist, active, infinitive
Saved Titus 3:35 Aorist, active, indicative
To save; Save John 12:47; 1 Cor. 9:22 Aorist, active, subjunctive
Has saved; having saved 2 Tim 1:9; Jude 1:5 Aorist, active, participle

These examples are all in the active voice indicates which means the subject performs the action.

  • For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost (Luke 19:10).
    • The Greek infinitive is the form of the verb that is usually translated into English with the word “to” attached to it; it is often used to complement another verb.
  • He saved us according to His mercy not by our works of righteousness; but, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit (Titus 3:5).
    • The indicative mood is a statement of fact or an actual occurrence from the writer’s or speaker’s perspective.
  • I have become all things to all men, that I might by all means save some (1 Cor 9:22).
    • The subjunctive mood indicates probability or objective possibility.
  • … who has saved us and called us with a holy calling (2 Tim 1:9).
    • Participles are considered “verbal adjectives”.

Remember, Aorist Indicative is usually translated as a simple past tense.  The aorist is said to be “simple occurrence” or “summary occurrence”, without regard for the amount of time taken to accomplish the action. This tense is also often referred to as the ‘punctiliar’ tense. ‘Punctiliar’ in this sense means ‘viewed as a single, collective whole,’ a “one-point-in-time” action, although it may actually take place over a period of time.

 

This 2nd chart also demonstrates the aorist tense.  All of these examples are in the passive voice; this means the subject receives the action.

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
Be saved;

To save;

Might be saved;

To be saved

Mat 19:25; Mar 10:26; Luke 18:26; Acts 4:12; 15:1, 11; 1 Cor 1:21; 2 Thess 2:10; 1 Tim 2:4 Aorist, passive, infinitive
Would be saved;

We were saved

Mat 24:22; Mar 13:20; Rom 8:24 Aorist, passive, indicative
Might/may be saved Luke 8:12; John 3:17, 5:34; Acts 16:30; 1 Cor 5:5; 10:33; 1 Thess 2:16 Aorist, passive, subjunctive
Save yourselves;

Be saved

Acts 2:40 Aorist, passive, imperative
  • Who desires all men to be saved (1 Tim 2:4).
    • 1 Tim 2:4 is in the infinitive…”to”
  • For we were saved in this hope… (Rom 8:24).
    • Rom 8:24 is in the indicative…”fact”
  • That the world through him might be saved (John 3:17).
    • John 3:17 is in the subjunctive…”possibility or probability”
  • Be saved from this perverse generation (Acts 2:40).
    • Acts 2:40 is in the imperative…”command”

As opposed to a physical salvation from one’s enemies, the aorist – passive – indicative basically means that at a certain point/period in time, the people who were saved:

  • Had repented of their lawlessness;
  • Intended to be/Had begun being habitually lawful;
  • Had been saved/rescued/delivered from:
    • their sins;
    • the wicked influence of the world;
    • the lake of fire which is the second death– as long as they abided by the terms of the covenant.

 

This 3rd chart is in the present tense and the active voice (the subject is performing the action).  It shows ‘action in progress’ or ‘a state of persistence.’

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
To save Heb 5:7; 7:25 Present, active, infinitive
Saves 1 Pet 3:21 Present, active, indicative
Save Jud 1:23 Present, active, imperative
  • God was and still is able to save (Heb 7:25).
    • Infinitive – God is presently and continuously able to save.
  • Immersion is an antitype which now saves us [a pledge of a good conscience toward God] (1 Pet 3:21).
    • Indicative – A statement of fact or an actual occurrence from the writer’s or speaker’s perspective.
  • The sanctified are told, “save others with fear, pulling them out of the fire.” (Jude 1:23)
    • Imperative – a command

Remember, present tense is usually a continuous kind of action.

 

The examples in this 4th chart are in the present tense and passive voice (the subject is the recipient of the action).

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
Are saved

Are/were being saved

Luke 13:23; Acts 2:47;

1 Cor 1:18; 2 Cor 2:15

Present, passive, participle
Is/Are saved 1 Cor 15:2; 1 Pet 4:18 Present, passive, indicative
  • And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved (Acts 2:47).
    • A participle is considered a “verbal adjective”.
  • I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you– unless you believed in vain (1 Cor 15:2).
    • Indicativeis fact.

Again, present tense is usually a continuous kind of action.

The examples in this 5th chart are future tense and indicative; the first row is in the active voice, the other examples from the 2ND row are passive.

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
Will save Mat 1:21; Mar 8:35 (2nd); 1 Cor 7:16 (x2); 1 Tim 4:16; 2 Tim 4:18; Jam 5:20 Future, active, indicative
Shall/Will be saved Mat 10:22; 24:13; Mar 13:13; 16:16; John 10:9; Acts 2:21; 11:14; 16:31; Rom 5:9, 10; 9:27; 10:9, 13; 11:26; 1 Cor 3:15 Future, passive, indicative
  • He [Yeshua] will save his people from their sins (Mat 1:21).
  • I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved (John 10:9).
  • …whoever calls on the name of the LORD (YHVH) shall be saved (Acts 2:21).
  • That if you confess…and believe…you will be saved (Rom 10:9).

Based on the writer’s perspective, this action will happen at a certain point in time in the future when the conditions are met.

 

The examples In this 6th chart are in the Perfect tense; this is completed action in the past that has on-going effect.

The passive voice indicates the subject is the recipient of the action.

Participles are considered a “verbal adjectives”.

Greek Translations Verses Tense-Voice-Mood
Have been saved Eph 2:5, 8 Perfect, passive, participle
  • But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ [by grace you have been saved] (Eph 2:5).
  • For by grace you have been saved through faith…(Eph 2:8).

Perfect is completed action in the past that has on-going effect.

I hope all of this Greek has shed some light on the timing of salvation.  It’s time to shift our focus to another view of salvation.

As I continued to reflect on the theme of salvation in the Scriptures, I wondered why YHVH saved His people BEFORE He cut the covenant on Mt. Sinai.

Consider this basic chiasm:

  • Salvation – Flood; Passover
    • Original Covenant
      • Death of Yeshua ended the original covenant
      • Death of Yeshua began the new covenant
    • New Covenant
  • Salvation – Day of YHVH; Battle of Gog and Magog

 

Notice how Salvation forms the inclusio or bookends.

In the beginning, the theme of salvation was seen in the flood and the Passover; in the end, salvation will be seen on the Day of YHVH (Battle of Armageddon) and during the Battle of Gog and Magog.

Recall that the flood was a judgment of water, but the last judgment will be with fire.

The original and new covenants are between these major events of salvation.

The death of Yeshua is the central axis or focus.  His death ended the original covenant and began the new covenant.  His death:

  1. provides propitiation for sin (Romans 3:25; Hebrews 2:17; 1 John 2:2, 4:10);
  2. redeems us from the curse of the law (death; Galatians 3:13);
  3. makes the blessing of life possible (Galatians 3:14).

Just as there are many ways to look at the facets of a gem, I hope you are seeing that there are many ways to look at salvation.  What I want to do now is conclude with another view of salvation in chiastic fashion.

  • Salvation (referring to the original Passover and deliverance from Egypt) was a past event that allowed the mixed multitude to enter the covenant; if salvation hadn’t happened, they could not have entered in.
    • With the death of Yeshua, the Passover Lamb behind us, we must enter the covenant and focus on the One who made our salvation possible, and abide by the terms of the covenant (work out our own salvation with fear and trembling).
  • Salvation is also a future event when Yeshua will deal with His and Israel’s enemies. Until that happens, we can’t enter the world to come (ha-olam rabba).

Be sure to come back for parts 3-4 of Salvation from Genesis to Revelation.